The Philippines is committed to achieving its Education for All (EFA) goals not only for the development of each Filipino, but also for the overall social and economic progress of the country. Analyzing primary documents such as memos, reports, curriculum documents, and teacher’s guides, and drawing from interviews with curriculum writers and consultants, this study is able to identify socio-political factors that influence the articulation of curriculum objectives and content. © Asia Pacific Research Association on Curriculum Studies, Inc. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-3024-6_9, www.ibe.unesco.org/curriculum/Asia%20Networkpdf/ndrepph.pdf, http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0009/000997/099770eb.pdf. Curriculum development: The Philippine experience. From 1996–2010, however, private publishers resumed production and distribution of textbooks. This came to be known as the “new Social Studies” (Nelson, 1994). The possible reason for such attitude to the subject may be in failing to understand the significance of social studies and why it should be taught throughout the whole process of obtaining school education. To cover the wide and many topics within social studies, these are the connected themes to guide the whole social studies curriculum driven from the National Council of Social Studies in the United States. font-size: 18px; Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1170739 . 11 (1989). We are living in a diverse society — one that requires knowledge of social studies to succeed. As such the social studies programme should be planned in order to urge Nigerians to do Career Opportunities For Graduates of BSED in Social Studies in The Philippines ol { (2008). table p { Together, we can build a better and brighter future, Para sa Bata, Para sa Bayan! The basis of the K-12 Social Studies Curriculum is to achieve the goal “Edukasyon para sa Lahat 2015” (Education for All 2015) and the K-12 Philippine Basic Education Curriculum Framework. In F. H. Hornedo, V. A. Miralao & F. P. Sta. Social Competency and Literacy. Educational goals in the 1980s–2010 were crafted within specific political contexts and consequently, such contexts define how the goals were articulated. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0009/000997/099770eb.pdf. It serves as the foundation of social development across the country. Teaching Social Studies in the Elementary Grades (Philippines History and Government) Module No. SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS AND STRATEGIES enables students to apply knowledge proficiently in a variety of contexts in repeated performances. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. ESSENTIAL SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS AND STRATEGIES. } Interviews with the four staff members revealed that all of them were former MTs in the public school system and to them, it was a “career move” to be able to transfer and be part of the central office of the Department (S1, personal communication, February 24, 2014; S2, personal communication, May 7, 2014; S3, personal communication, February 26, 2014; S4, personal communication, June 2, 2014). As the 1916 document discussed this aim in the context of social efficiency specifically manifested in the “intelligence and the will to participate effectively in the promotion of social well-being” (Nelson, 1994, p. 17), such implied an element of social transformation. This study analyzes the process of curriculum development in Social Studies in Philippine basic education from 1980 to 2010 and argues that the curriculum, as a product, is shaped and determined by political contexts and results from the deliberations and decisions of a group of people tasked to craft it. Duration of BSEd in Social Studies in the Philippines The BSEd in Social Studies in program takes 4 years to complete. The acquisition of work skills had to be matched with work ethics in 1989, putting forward the need for values. Emphasis was on reflective process, studying problems meaningful to youth, and building the right attitudes rather than learning a specific content. Through this, The goals and objectives of social studies education vary from society to society. margin-left: 50px; The curriculum structure of Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) 2002 did not consider Social Studies as part of Core Subjects hence it is labelled as Experiential Area subject. Nurtures a service - oriented and environmental conscious community. History at Grades 10 and 11 would be taught, not using its chronological organization but according to selected topics/problems deemed interesting to students or that would help explain the present. This aim of transmission would materialize in the Community Civics course where the student would know the meaning of community life—“what it does for him and how it does it, what the community has to expect from him and how he may fulfill his obligation” (Nelson, 1994, p. 30). Teachers, consultants, and staff from the Department of Education , who constitute the curriculum writing team play different roles and representations as the curriculum document is produced. The need for civics education rested on the fact that at that time, there was an increasing number of immigrants from Europe coming to the United States who needed to be initiated to the ideals of democracy and were expected to respond to the demands of industrialization. The curriculum writing team was composed of master teachers, the Department of Education staff, and consultants (content experts). The aim of these is for students to develop 21st Century Skills to nourish a functionally literate and … This new subject replaced civics education in high school and altered the way history was traditionally taught. editing the current curriculum by deleting learning competencies that were duplicated (C1, personal communication, November 15, 2013); reacting to manuscripts the teachers and the Department of Education staff had produced (C2, personal communication, March 10, 2014); checking if the competencies were acceptable (C3, personal communication, April 7, 2014). Instead, the 1989 goals were revised to reflect the changes in the political scene. An on-job training or internship is done on the third and fourth year level of the program where students are exposed to both in-campus and out-campus teaching. The consultants also perceived that their comments were ignored since they were not given the chance to check how the comments were integrated in the final draft of the curriculum. B., & Mendoza R. J. Implementation of the New Secondary Education Curriculum under the 1989 Secondary Education Development Program, Department of Education, Culture and Sports Order No. This work dynamics between consultants and writers can be interpreted in terms of power relations. During the Marcos era, the Textbook Board, the body that selects and approves textbooks for elementary and secondary schools, was replaced by the Textbook Council, whose members were confined to the Minister of Education and Culture, the Directors of the Bureau of Elementary and Bureau of Secondary Education, and two presidential appointees (Creating the Textbook Council, 1982). 62(3), 259–277. doi: 10.3102/0034654308326159. The purpose of Social Studies then shifted from citizenship education to social reconstruction. This paper utilizes the history of the development of Social Studies curriculum in the US as its framework, and notes the interplay of context in identifying the goals and focus of Social Studies (see Table 1). As recommended by the 1916 Committee, Social Studies, defined as “those whose subject matter relates directly to the organization and development of human society, and to man as a member of a social group” (Nelson, 1994, p. 20) was implemented as a subject in high school. Journal of Teaching in Social Work: Vol. In the 1950s and 1960s, a study on the historical illiteracy of American school children and the launching of Sputnik by the Soviets called for a more rigorous academic study of the social sciences, moving away from the study of social problems. USE OF FILIPINO AND ENGLISH IN SOCIAL STUDIES LEARNING JOHN PAUL R. GORGONIO, MAEd SocStud Faculty, Social Studies Department University of San Carlos – North Campus Cebu City jpaulrg@yahoo.com ABSTRACT This study attempted to find out whether Filipino or English as medium of instruction (MOI) can promote better learning in Social Studies to the second year high school (HS) … There were numerous references to John Dewey’s philosophy and the choice of content for study according to “the present life interests of the pupil, or those which he could use in his present processes of growth” (Nelson, 1994, p. 19) was adopted. Student will also be able to write an essay detailing how these five foundations impact their lives. Citizenship education also recognized the study of social problems as a necessary part of the education of citizens. The third strand woven into this discourse was the fact that citizenship education started with the teaching principle on student needs and interest. On the other hand, as consultants were not part of the regular deliberations of the writing team, their recommendations were not taken as mandatory. 161 Topas St., Brgy 31, Pasay City 1300 The internship will last for at least 1 month on every grade level. Those who considered the 1916 document as primary in engendering Social Studies also noted that the goal of citizenship education was expounded in three strands: transmission, transformation, and progressivism. The Master Teacher (MT) rank qualified teachers to become curriculum writers. The Philippines' Department of Education undertook a curriculum reform for basic education with the goal of improving student learning to meet the more complex demands of Philippine society ... A review of the DECS textbooks for social studies/science in Philippine secondary schools. Bago, A. L. (2001). Key informant interviews were also conducted with master teachers, officials from the Department of Education’s Bureau of Curriculum Development, and consultants who were directly involved in the development of the curricula. In comparison, the Board of Textbooks created in 1947 was composed of presidential appointees who were not from the Department of Education (An Act Creating a Board, 1921). The interview responses of the MTs who wrote the learning competencies were very interesting. According to the (National Council for the Social Studies, USA, 1993 & 1994) Social Studies is define as the integrated study of social sciences and humanities to promote civic competence. '*/ iction often touches upon issues which can help the social studies in meeting . Curriculum development in Philippine basic education is by convention, the work of the government. Makabayan in the Philippine basic education curriculum: Problems and prospects for reforming student learning in the Philippines. Social studies is the preferred term in part because it is more inclusive. jQuery(".rex-form").hide(); When the Great Depression happened in the 1930s, studying social problems and issues proved to be inadequate. The goals of a social studies education are to instill students with an intimate knowledge of their history, cultural values and civic responsibilities. The curriculum writing team was composed of master teachers, staff from the Department of Education’s Curriculum Development Division, and consultants (content experts) invited by the Department. Although, the Department’s staff who were part of the writing committee were identified not as curriculum experts but as employees from the Curriculum Development Division, or more generally speaking, from the Bureau of Elementary Education or the Bureau of Secondary Education. Social Studies education is essential in supporting students to interact with difference within communities. Thank you for your inputs, ! We are living in a diverse society — one that requires knowledge of social studies to succeed. From 1982 to 1995, the government through the IMC, monopolized the production and distribution of textbooks for public schools. He cited Heber Newton’s 1887 book titled Social Studies about the social conditions and prospects of urban workers and Sarah Bolton’s Social Studies in England published in 1883, which sought to utilize the social sciences to promote social welfare of urban workers. Saxe, D. W. (1991). At the end of the week students will be able to describe each of the five foundations of social studies using both historical and current events. In the case of the Social Studies curriculum for this period, they ignored the comments of the consultants. It was argued that Social Studies, as a subject, should develop among students “a sense of responsibility and the will to participate effectively in the promotion of the social well-being” (Nelson, 1994, p. 17). . The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030. The Philippines' Department of Education undertook a curriculum reform for basic education with the goal of improving student learning to meet … He noted that this general or holistic approach to treating social issues and problems surfaced in education, first under the rubric “social education” and then, finally, as “social studies” (Nelson, 1994, p. 270). From preschool through high school, social studies crosses content areas and includes subjects such as civics, geography, political systems, culture and history. They promote the participation of studies in civic life and develop their ability to address societal conflicts and problems. at other historical goals of Social Studies education, one may begin to see the value of using fiction to achieve these goals as well. Now and now, at the beginning of the 21st century, we can see how jobs and industry have changed due to technological advances. In the process, they each wield levels of power in influencing the curriculum. With technological advances, new Saxe D. W. (1992). Comparing the 1973 and 1989 Curriculum Objectives, Objectives of 1973 Revised Secondary Education Curriculum (RSEC), • Develop a reasoned commitment to the goals of national development by cherishing, preserving, and developing moral and spiritual values and other aspects of the national heritage desirable in Philippine society, • Acquire the basic occupational skills, knowledge, and information essential for obtaining initial gainful employment and for making intelligent choice of occupation or career, • Understand the wide possibilities of the arts and the sciences as permanent sources of pleasures and profit, and discover, broaden, and heighten his abilities in and appreciation for them, Objectives of the 1989 New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC), • Develop an enlightened commitment to the national ideals by cherishing, preserving and developing moral, spiritual, and socio-cultural values as well as other desirable aspects of the Filipino heritage, • Acquire work skills, knowledge and information, and a set of work ethics essential for making intelligent choice of an occupation or career and for specialized training in specific occupation, • Broaden and heighten one’s abilities in and appreciation for the arts, science and technology as a means for maximizing one’s potentials for self-fulfillment and for promoting the welfare of others. Saxe (1991), however, refuted the popular belief that the 1916 document created the term Social Studies. The overall objective of Social Studies is to hone learners to become citizens who are investigative, critical thinkers, responsible, productive, environment friendly, patriotic and values oriented with a nationalistic and global view and value to social and historical topics. The Revised Elementary Education Program, Department of Education and Culture Order No. The ideal candidates for the program have at least three years of teaching experience and diverse set of backgrounds with interests in furthering education and research in social studies education. With a social studies background, children become adults that can participate civilly in our democratic society. in Social Studies Education will prepare students as instructional leaders in the public schools, curriculum development specialists, and social studies assessment specialists, as well as for careers in higher education. The terms social studies education and social science education are often used interchangeably and are, at times, a source of confusion. In C. H. Ng & P. D. Renshaw (Eds. Addressing the specific needs of the times as a) preservation of democratic life, b) preparation of citizens for industrialized economy, and c) initiation of immigrants to the American way of life, it established the goal of producing good citizens by transmitting to students the knowledge, values, or culture needed in a democratic society. at other historical goals of Social Studies education, one may begin to see the value of using fiction to achieve these goals as well. In 1991, The IMC was transformed from being a government-owned and controlled corporation to a regular government agency, now called the Instructional Materials Development Center (IMDC). College Goals 1. But REX is not content with simply serving the child; it envisions a Whole Child: a child who’s safe, healthy, challenged, supported, and engaged. The elementary and secondary Social Studies curricula therefore spanned within the contexts of two political eras, i.e., Marcos’ dictatorship and Aquino’s restoration of democracy. When asked why they were recruited to write the curriculum, they enumerated the following reasons: The above reasons basically listed special qualifications as participant (ability to participate in discussions), writer (ability to write well), and teacher (with qualities worthy of a supervisor’s recommendation). In Grade 12, Social Studies would culminate in Problems of Democracy, a subject on social problems viewed from the perspectives of political science, sociology, economics, and history. 3 NAME: Hannah Jane G. Quitor YEAR/SECTION: 2BEED SCORE: Activity: Please watch and learn What is the significance of this video clip in your life as a student? With a social studies background, children become adults that can participate civilly in our democratic society. The production of textbooks was also affected by these two different political contexts. Social Competency and Literacy One of the most basic goals of a social studies education is to promote social competency and literacy. Teaching Social Studies presents teachers with a unique set of challenges not always found in other disciplines. The goals of a social studies education are to instill students with an intimate knowledge of their history, cultural values and civic responsibilities. Thus, the aim of social studies to develop good citizens included the citizen taking action to solve a problem and transform his environment. UNESCO statistical yearbook [PDF file]. Fallace (2009) concluded that the 1916 committee report was Dewey-inspired and drew much from him and his progressive peers. (1976). They are supposed to play an active role in the writing process. .text-center { The 1989 NSEC was launched three years after Marcos was unseated from power through a non-violent revolution. text-align: center; Saxe (1992) also noted that Social Studies was made part of the school curriculum in 1897 by Edmund James, president of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences. varied goals. 806 (1982). (ED374072), Quisumbing, L. (1994). However, consultants interviewed for this study were very certain that their tasks were limited to, In the 1970s, the consultants were already present while the curriculum was being written. In social studies—and indeed in any subject—a major hurdle in overcoming this kind of bias is getting students to buy into what the teacher is conveying. Paper presented at 44th International Conference on Education, Geneva. Teaching Strategies and Techniques: Philippine Experience. The Philippines' Department of Education undertook a curriculum reform for basic education with the goal of improving student learning to meet the more complex demands of Philippine society ... A review of the DECS textbooks for social studies/science in Philippine secondary schools. Also, in 1982 the Instructional Materials Corporation (IMC) was created as the agency in charge of 1) production and distribution of textbooks and instructional materials for public schools, and 2) formulating policy recommendations and standards governing textbooks and instructional materials for adoption of the Textbook Council (Creating the Textbook Council, 1982). Using the natural sciences model of grouping the fields of geology, mineralogy, biology, etc. var name = jQuery('.wpcf7 input[name=your-name]').val(); The goals of a social studies education are to instill students with an intimate knowledge of their history, cultural values and civic responsibilities. It starts with the Department of Education’s curriculum office (formerly Curriculum Development Division, now Bureau of Curriculum Development), and disseminated through a department order handed to the different geographical regions and divisions across the Philippines and down to the schools where teachers are expected to implement them in the classroom (Bago, 2001; Bernardo & Mendoza, 2009; Mariñas & Ditapat, 1998). Get Free Goals Of Teaching Social Studies now and use Goals Of Teaching Social Studies immediately to get % off or $ off or free shipping. Framing a theory for social studies foundations. Primary Goals of Social Studies A review of several important studies attempting to define the so- 181–197). Civics would be integrated with Geography and History at Grades 7 until 9. 28, TRY IT THIS WAY Teaching models from around the world, pp. G Identify the four main key goals is Social Studies and select one goal and discuss how you would use it in the teaching Social Studies. Curriculum reform: Towards relevant secondary education. Adheres to all requirements and standards for effective quality - teaching learning ventures. Thus, before the state standards movement, these two or three traditions of the field—to be content-centered or process-centered or some combination of both—fit neatly under the big tent of social Bloomington, Indiana: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science. under the rubric ‘nature studies’ for use in public schools, James suggested pulling together the social sciences for use in the lower schools under the umbrella of ‘social study.’ Thus, as Saxe argued, Social Studies did not begin with nor extend from the traditional history as most would interpret the 1916 document, but from the social welfare activists who conceived social science as a general area of inquiry to help solve societal problems. The goal of Social Studies and the Young Learner is to capture and enthuse elementary teachers across the country by providing relevant and useful information about the teaching of social studies to elementary students.The teaching techniques presented in this peer-reviewed journal are designed to stimulate the reading, writing, and critical thinking skills vital to classroom success. 8555 16th St, Suite 500 • Silver Spring, MD 20910 301-588-1800 • 800-296-7840 • fax 301-588-2049 The main goal of teaching social studies is to teach students to become good citizens. In 1995, R.A. 8047 (Book Publishing Industry Development Act, 1995) was passed, and IMDC subsequently became part of the National Book Development Board (NBDB). Social Studies is a key tool in this changing world. 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