Second, the term “the Church of God” can be applied legitimately only to the New Testament Church but not to Old Testament Israel. 11:2; Eph. How short sighted of us! The Church became the new Israel, and through this remarkable transformation, wherever blessing is promised to Israel in the Old Testament, it was interpreted to mean the Church. THE CHURCH WAS NOT PREDICTED IN OT . From this point on, the theological legs were cut out from under Israel, and the predominant Christian theology was that there was no future for Israel. The other view, we believe, is clearly taught in the New Testament, but it has been suppressed throughout most of Church history. • Throughout this description Jesus Himself is seen as the Head of the body. When God established the Mosaic Covenant with Israel, He established it fully with the entire membership of that nation, saved and unsaved alike. During the time that Israel is removed, God has placed the New Testament Church into the place of blessing. Covenant Theology further asserts that Israel was the major people of God in Old Testament times because God entered into Mosaic Covenant relationship with that nation, and the Mosaic Covenant relationship was one aspect of the Covenant of Grace relationship. Several things should be noted concerning this assertion. 11:18), resenting the place of Israel in history and theology. In Matthew 12, the religious leaders of Israel had begun to plot His death and to assert that Satan was the source of His miraculous powers. In Ephesians 2:19-22, Paul continued his teaching concerning this new work of God through the use of a metaphor – the metaphor of a building. In 1 Timothy 3:15, Paul clearly stated that the household of God is the Church; therefore, in Ephesians 2:19, he was teaching that Gentiles are members of the Church. Many of the Jewish believers were not comfortable with the Gentile believers at first; and as time went on and Gentiles began to predominate numerically, the attitudes were reversed. 9:6; 11:28). The Church is comprised of people with many different languages. It is almost as though the Church has been jealous of Israel, and afraid that if it recognized Israel’s future promises, it would somehow demean Christ and the Church. These promises of blessing would now be fulfilled within the framework of the Church. Ken pastored a church here in South Jersey, and Gwendolyn was a student at Word of Life... Health experts agree that walking 10,000 steps a day is a good thing. Instead, Israel meant something else, something that came to be known in the New Testament as the Church. Third, the prophets who, together with the apostles, make up the foundation of the Church are New Testament prophets, not Old Testament prophets. . By carefully reviewing relevant New Testament and post-apostolic writings, the author traces the origin and development of Replacement Theology―the concept that the Church has completely and permanently replaced ethnic Israel in the outworking of God's plan throughout history―challenging its origin and role in the development of Christian thought on the future of ethnic Israel. After the crucifixion, the curtain of the Jewish sanctuary was torn in two (Mk 15:37-39, Lk 23:44-46, Mt 27:51) and the fledgling Church became the New Israel. First, there is a distinction between the saved Jews of the New Testament Church and the saved Jews of Old Testament Israel. Holiness is essential to our priestly status of bringing God to the world and bringing the world to God – the essence of our missional identity and role. Israel. So, if we are not to suffer from spiritual myopia, we must recognize what the Lord is doing with Israel, not shrinking from it as though our own interests will be overshadowed. the distinct destinies of the church and israel It is when the Church recognizes Israel that the true distinctiveness and glory of the Body of Christ become evident. The Jews were saying that He was John the Baptist, Elijah, Jeremiah or one of the prophets, but they were not acclaiming Him to be the Messiah. “Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord”, The Church is completely different from Israel. Tell a friend about Zola Levitt Ministries and invite them to our website. The two major views are that: The predominant view has been that the Church is the “new” Israel, a continuation of the concept of Israel which began in the Old Testament. Old Testament Israel had a common, national tradition and history, but the New Testament Church is comprised of people from many different national traditions and histories. That is where we are headed eventually, but first we have to lay the foundation before we get there. The new Israel of God is not less a nation because it is spiritually constituted. . Old Testament Israel was an earthly, political state with an earthly capital city, an earthly political government and political rulers, but the New Testament Church is not an earthly, political state. The sixth line of evidence for when the Church began is Jesus’ promise in Matthew 16:18. 5:22-23) relationships. Many years ago, my husband’s friend Ken Campbell lost his 18-year-old daughter in a car accident. The theologians had to propose that Israel in the Scriptures did not really mean Israel, especially when it came to the promises of eternal blessing. Was His vision for the “church,” (the one that He died for and sent His apostles into the world to promote) really about pastors, church buildings, one-man shows, Sunday worship services, pulpits, mandatory meetings, bureaucracy, obligation and guilt, authority and control, committees, money, programs, church constitutions, the eldership, creeds, catechisms, etc? The Messiah will build . There are, The fact that the Scriptures applied the term “the Church of God” to the saved Jews of the New Testament Church but did not apply it to the saved Jews of Old Testament Israel implies three things. All rights reserved. “Authorship”: Many believe that Ezra, a Levitical priest and teacher, answered those questions by writing 1 and 2 Chronicles as a history of the monarchy for the returning exiles. The Church’s foundation consists of the apostles and prophets, and its superstructure consists of the other Church saints. Another indication of coming change given by Jesus in Matthew 16 was His charge to the apostles that they should tell no man that He was the Messiah (v. 20). Thus, the Church is the same in essence throughout history. A PRINCE IN ISRAEL By E. A. Girvin CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 Birth and Childhood -- Education -- Parentage and Ancestry ... Church of Spokane -- Home Campmeeting Described by Dr. Reid -- Trip to Omaha -- The Church in Boise ... Distinctiveness of Our Movement --The Tide of Power -- Devotional Exercises -- Pentecost on Thursday Evening -- The First Sunday In light of this teaching, the following conclusion can be drawn: Since Israel is out of the place of God’s blessing while the Church is in it, Israel and the Church are not the same. Jesus said to the Jewish leaders who rejected him, 'The kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit' (Mt. Why, then, be disturbed over what God has promised the Jewish people? He holds a Th.M. According to Arndt and Gingrich the word which Paul used for “foundation” has the meaning of the indispensable prerequisites for something to come into being” in Ephesians 2:20.1  In other words, the Church could not come into being apart from the apostles and New Testament prophets. The present article will present more evidence to the same effect. This article appeared originally in the May 1996 Levitt Letter. In order to become a member, he had to become an Israelite through circumcision and placement under the Law. • The church is described as the Temple of God (1 Corinthians 3:14-16, Ephesians 2:20-22, 1 … This determination had become obvious before Jesus’ Matthew 16 declaration that He would build His Church. He Himself told His disciples that they would rule over the 12 tribes of Israel in the restoration (Matt. In other words, he had to enter fully into Israel’s Mosaic Covenant relationship with God. These views are paradigms, inform our opinions on subjects ranging from Israel to the right to life of the preborn child, and even the creation of the world. First, in Ephesians 1:20-23, Paul taught that God gave Christ the position of Head to the Church in conjunction with Christ’s being seated at God’s right hand after His ascension to Heaven. Matthew’s words, “From that time forth began Jesus to show unto his disciples, how he must   . It believes that the church, which it claims could also be called “the Israel of God,” existed in Old Testament times and that the nation of Israel was a major phase of the church in those times. . This article by Fruchtenbaum is a highly regarded defense of the Bible's distinction between Israel and the church and should be … New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.. 1:41), but now they were forbidden to do so. One of the problems with the view, among others, is the continuing existence of the Jewish people, especially with regard to the revival of the new modern state of Israel. Second, in Ephesians 4:8, 11-12, Paul indicated that in conjunction with His ascension to Heaven Christ gave spiritual gifts to human beings so that the body of Christ, the Church, could be built. In fact, the predominant Christian view was that the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by the Romans in 70 AD signaled the official and divinely-ordained end of the Jewish nation, never more to be re-instituted as a national entity. Old Testament Israel had a national army with which to fight military battles against other nations, but the New Testament Church does not have such an army. This called-out body, composed of believing Jews and Gentiles during the Church Age, is the highest entity the Lord has created, superior to the universe, all the Angels, the nations, and Israel. Instead, He would do something different – He would build a new ekklesia, the Church. Nevertheless, God has carefully preserved the Jewish people, even in unbelief, through every kind of distress and persecution. The fifth line of evidence concerning the time when the Church began is as follows: The Church could not exist before the apostles and New Testament prophets. Israel, the Church and the Return of Jesus By Dr. Howard Morgan The coming of Messiah is the great promise of the Bible from both Old and New Testaments. In addition, it is Spirit baptism which forms the Church, and Spirit baptism happens only to the saved. This means, then, that the unsaved members of Old Testament Israel were as much the Mosaic Covenant people of God as were the saved members. • Along with 1 Peter 4:10-11 an appreciation of the distinctiveness of each individual person and the role they can play in Christ's church! The Distinctiveness of the Disciples ... were the religious leaders of Israel. The Church does not have an earthly capital city, an earthly political government or political rulers. One of the great theological battlegrounds of orthodox Christianity throughout the centuries has been the nature and character of the Church, especially in relation to its biblical predecessor, Israel. In contrast with this view, there are several lines of evidence to the effect that Old Testament Israel and the New Testament Church are not essentially the same. 10:25; 12:37; 20:30-31; Acts 2:22; Heb. How could a faithful God not keep His promises to His ancient people? Covenant Theology and Dispensationalism are different systems of theology that have been developed to try to explain how God deals with man in the salvation process and the role of Israel and the Church in God’s plan of salvation. Just as the human body cannot live, function or develop without its head, so the body of Christ, the Church, cannot live, function or develop without Christ as its Head. Jesus told Peter, "I will build My church" (Matthew 16:18). Peter’s strong negative reaction to Jesus’ declaration (v. 22) indicates that this was a shocking new concept to the apostles and that the gospel of the Kingdom which they had been proclaiming for some time did not include the ideas of Jesus’ death, burial and resurrection. The context indicates that this is so, for in Ephesians 3:5, where Paul referred to the apostles and prophets again, he said, “as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets.” Through the use of the word “now,” Paul made it clear that the prophets to whom he referred were living during the time of himself and the other apostles. This is the bad news. I. Written by the priests of Israel, the books of Chronicles view Israel’s religious institutions, the temple, priesthood, offerings and feasts, as the essential elements of her national life. We will return from Heaven with Him as His glorious Bride to rule Israel and the world. Some suggest that if Israel has not ceased to exist in its covenant relationship to God, and if Israel still has a future in the divine plan, this somehow diminishes the position of the Church. Thus, Israel has not been forgotten in God’s plan. At the same time, the church is revealed to be essentially and irreducibly composed out of the joining together of Jews and Gentiles, who retain their distinctiveness within the unity of the one body of Christ. Seventh, in Romans 11, the Apostle Paul presented the following teaching: As the covenant people of God, Old Testament Israel was in the place of God’s blessing. Nothing could be further from the truth. Since the Church cannot live or develop without Christ as its Head, and since Christ was not Head to the Church until after His ascension, then the Church could not have existed until after Christ’s ascension. The Holy Spirit led the early leaders of the New Testament Church to recognize this distinction which God had made between Old Testament Israel and the New Testament Church (Acts 15:1-29). Second, since Paul was using the metaphor of a building, he was thereby pointing out the following: Just as a building has a foundation and superstructure, so the Church has a foundation and superstructure. 1:22-23; 4:15-16; 5:23; Col. 1:18; 2:19) and bride-bridegroom (Rom 7:1-4; 2 Cor. In light of Israel’s obvious determination, in Matthew 16 Jesus began to give His apostles several indications to the effect that things would change significantly for Him and His ministry. The Church has taken center stage in the Lord’s affairs as the Gospel has spread throughout the world. And this morning we come to the subject of "God's Original Design in Creating Male and Female," something that 40 years ago would have seemed so kind of basic, but in today's culture needs a full-length message, I believe. But this does not make Israel the Church, or vice versa. Furthermore, how does one account for Israel’s resurgence among the family of nations as an independent nation, victorious in several wars and flourishing economically? Itching Ears Theology History of Christian Fables (II Timothy) Bible Series Earlier they had proclaimed Him to be the Messiah (Jn. Thus, the Church is in the place of God’s blessing while Israel is out of it. It is when the Church recognizes Israel that the true distinctiveness and glory of the Body of Christ becomes evident. In 1949, a show called Father Knows Best debuted on the radio. The Church. 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