Religion and Reproductive Health in West African Traditional Religion. 4. In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. 0000002908 00000 n In many traditional African religions God IS everything and therefore has all attributes. The Supreme Deity is … society, which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve. He gives rain, sunshine and life among many other gifts. They are seen to be … God is holy. There are different classes of divinities in ATR (African Traditional Religion). 0000005573 00000 n in Conflict Resolution and Management (a) Introduction – meaning/concept of conflict in West African traditional society. God is experienced as an all-pervading reality. African philosophy reflects belief in God, the concept of belief in God in Africa forms the bedrock of every religious worship and ceremony; it is an idea that is fundamental to African religion. Christianity and the African traditional religion(s): The postcolonial round of engagement ... [African society of culture]. He/She is both good and evil, generous and stingy, ect. African Traditional Religion is now widely taught in African universities, but its identity remains essentially negative: African belief that is not Christianity or Islam. 63 0 obj <>stream Which is why they break God up into different spirits in … Explain how wealth was acquired in African Traditional Society. 0000054958 00000 n In traditional African societies, nature was regarded as a gift by a supreme Creator God for the benefit of humanity who believed that mankind was created at the centre of the universe. However, the date of retrieval is often important. He protects human beings from evil, e.g. delegated powers to act by the Ultimate God. Myths, folklores proverbs therefore become the major sources of African philosophy (Jaja, 1995:28). The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. rain, air and sunshine. The African societies and ethnic communities believed in a supreme being who had different names for different communities.The people worshiped this God through singing,offering sacrifices,dancing,dedications as well as invoking blessings. possession is noticed, the traditional doctors and . He/She is both good and evil, generous and stingy, ect. This very idea of Oneness of the Supreme Being is … The African traditional society is a homogenous and close one with its unique characteristic features that set it apart from other cultures of the world. He is the giver and sustainer of life, provides necessities of life e.g. African traditional religions have a strong foothold in contemporary Zimbabwe as an integral part of the everyday lives of many Zimbabweans. Some of their beliefs and practices like Caste-system (osu-one dedicated to idol/god), and Slave (ohu) all in Igboland, killing of twins, and abinos, buring of chiefs /kings with 24. Such things are regarded as “divine” due to th… 4. This ambivalence of God being both transcendent and immanent among the Nuer, one of the Primal societies, is pointed out by Evans-Pritchard (2004). God being the creator was well understood, they believed God had smaller deities. Africans believe in the existence of a supreme primordial being, the Lord of the Resurgence of ATR. (d) West African Traditional Religion and Conservation of the Environment. He gives His people rich harvests and large herds of animals, which lead to a healthy population. The S… (iii) Good is good. Fafunwa (1974:13) observes that: The aim of traditional African education is multilateral and the end objective is to produce an individual who is honest, respectful, skilled, co-operative and conforms to the social order of the day. In Christianity God is said to be all-powerful. The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. It is found in most religions. A. Contemporary Situations. food, air, water and fire. The African traditional society is a homogenous and close one with its unique characteristic features that set it apart from other cultures of the world. Resurgence of ATR. Taking Africa as a whole, there are in reality fi ve important elements that go into the making of African traditional religion. African Ceremonies Inc, a 501c3 charitable foundation, is dedicated to the preservation of African tribal traditions through the photographic documentation of ceremonies and customs, thereby ensuring that the strength and essence of African culture is preserved for the history of mankind and for the education of future generations. Another attribute of the traditional African God is that he is Omnipotent; the All-Powerful One. The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. African tribal societies are rich in the awareness of a Supreme Being to the extent that no native-born African is unaware of God’s existence (O’Donovan 1996:41). (a) West African Traditional … Failure to heed these regulations may lead to punishment. rain, air and sunshine. He is a just God. 47 0 obj <> endobj 0000005242 00000 n 19. trailer 0000002502 00000 n 6. a) Identify six causes of death in the Traditional African Community b) Explain how Africans demonstrated their belief that death was not the end of life 7. There are four foundational religious beliefs in the traditional religions: (1) the belief in impersonal (mystical) power(s); (2) the belief in spirit beings; (3) the belief in divinities/gods and (4) the belief in the Supreme Being. He is immortal and lives forever. It is most often used to…, Afrocentrism has a long and often misunderstood history. 0000003172 00000 n In this vein, religious symbolist would argue that African spirits and deities are symbolic representatives of reality. preme / səˈprēm; soō-/ • adj. States Societies. Traditional religion promotes respect for elders in the society. God is neither the creator nor author of evil 2) Sin comes from the disobedience of God by human beings 3) Evil and misfortune are God’s curse to man (Biblical) while the traditional African society sees evil as curses by ancestors, and elders. Many African myths of creation point to the fact that human beings are dependent on God e.g. %%EOF 0000000016 00000 n (b) Causes of conflicts (c) Effects of conflicts (d) Conflict resolution and management in West African society 19. ... 23. Many writers still describe the African Traditional Religion as animistic. of traditional religious practices, but it is a sign of the Holy Spirit s presence and guidance (Acts 2:3, 8:17, 19:6-7; 1 Cor.12:13; 1 John 2:20). Londo. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. The S… Explain why and how socialization took place in African traditional society. These attributes are anthropomorphic in nature. Stateless Societies. Though usually associated with the intellectual lineage that runs from Cheikh Anta Diop (192…, Pan-Africanism is an internationalist philosophy that is based on the idea that Africans and people of African descent share a common bond. (v) God is a provider. Like in Christianity, the traditional African heritage acknowledged that God exists and God is a living force. Some of their beliefs and practices like Caste-system (osu-one dedicated to idol/god), and Slave (ohu) all in Igboland, killing of twins, and abinos, buring of chiefs /kings with (a) Afrikania Missions (Ghana) (b) Godianism (Nigeria) (c) The future of West African Traditional Religion. Many African myths of creation point to the fact that human beings are dependent on God e.g. The Role of W.A.T.R. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. (a) God is real to Africans: Africans do not perceive of God as an abstract entity whose existence is in the mind. New Religious Movements (NRM) in West African Traditional Religion. He removes suffering from communities. When spirits . 0000001493 00000 n In the Pentecostal fold, the spirit possession in the African Traditional Religion is classified under other evil spirits which are not from God but from a satanic These are belief in God, belief in divinities, belief in Spirits, belief in the ancestors, and the practice of magic and medicine, each with its own consequent, attendant cult .5 Pan Afric…, God's Bible School and College: Tabular Data, God's Bible School and College: Narrative Description, God's Bible School and College: Distance Learning Programs, Goddard College: Distance Learning Programs, Cosmology, article on African Cosmologies, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/god-african-supreme-beings. traditional African takes the character of critical reflection of the African understanding of reality and world view. In this vein, religious symbolist would argue that African spirits and deities are … 2.Belief in Mystical Powers In traditional African society, there is implied and widespread belief in a Supreme Being, God. This Ghanaian Adinkra symbol means \"except for God\" and symbolizes the supremacy of God. According to Wikipedia, in religious terms, divinity or godhead is the state of things that come from a supernatural power or deity, such as a god, supreme being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy. traditional african concept of evil It is an offense against another person of the community or it is an offense against God, the spirits or ancestors. (a) Describe how God punished people in African Traditional Society. 0000008471 00000 n In traditional African societies, nature was regarded as a gift by a supreme Creator God for the benefit of humanity who believed that mankind was created at the centre of the universe. xref This means attributing a living soul to inanimate objects and natural phenomena. Africans have different names for God they worship. O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. These classes depends on the different location within the African society. the case of a prophet or soothsayer. The paper shows that the concept of God is not strange to Africans but in traditional Africa there is no atheist. He is impartial in His judgment. Traditional African religion is a way of life in which ancestors are part and parcel of every major or minor event such as wedding, births and deaths as well as fetching firewood. It is an accepted position that the African Initiated Churches (AICs) were formed as a result of the search for a unique African identity and culture. ... the attributes of God in AIR and Christianity can be a great . The diversity of cultural forms and linguistic differences of Africans, notwithstanding the relationships of African supreme beings to the created order (including the human, spiritual, and other entities), reveal to a great extent a certain uniformity and similarity in the nature, attributes, and powers of the supreme beings. In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. It is used principally to aid man’s perception and concentration and to remind the worshipper of the divine presence. Attributes of God (Supreme Being) in Africa: Attributes of God refers to words or phrases ascribing traits, properties, qualities or characteristics to the Supreme Being. He comforts the sorrowful e.g. Explain five roles of a diviner in the Traditional African society. The ability of African Traditional Religions to promote the community ideal of peaceful and harmonious co-existence in contemporary African society is in a state of progressive decline. Must obey God’s laws and commandments. 6. a) Identify six causes of death in the Traditional African Community b) Explain how Africans demonstrated their belief that death was not the end of life 7. Religion considers the dynamic interaction of various activities that take place in every African community, and it … In the traditional African society, God was given different attributes. 0 ... give the person information for the larger society in . It sees the divinities as beings who receive ... As we study these attributes of God in Africa, we . (a) Describe how God punished people in African Traditional Society. society, which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve. c) What are the consequences of breaking taboos in traditional African ... AFRICAN CONCEPT OF GOD PAST KCSE QUESTIONS ON THE TOPIC 1. a) What was the significance of the Traditional African initiation rites? Both curses lead to misfortunes. Most African traditional societies believe that a newborn comes from the spirit world with a message from the gods or ancestors. > Did the Africans believe in God before the missionaries came? (vi) God is merciful. Symbolic representation is not peculiar to African Traditional Religion. 0000005822 00000 n Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. 0000002537 00000 n All majestic deeds, such … God is the Supreme entity to the adherents of the traditional religions of Africa and is considered to be the origin of everything in this universe. African traditional religious system has the following components: A. Foundational Religious Beliefs. During sacrifices seeking forgiveness, Africans used to … (a) Meaning and types of stress situation in West Africa traditional society (b) Causes and effects of stress situations (c) Management of stress situations. In Ghana for example among the Akans God is referred to as "Nyankopon" which means "Greater among friends." Outline ways in which traditional African communities show respect for unborn child. heals the sick. 21. (a) Introduction - meaning/concept of conflict in West African traditional society. Each name has serious significance and authority to the supreme being called God. (of authority or an office, or someone holding it) superior to all others: a unified force with a supreme commander.…, The African diaspora is a term that refers to the dispersal of African peoples to form a distinct, transnational community. Well, Africa is a large continent. b) Write down seven teachings about God from the Traditional African myths of creation. Contemporary Situations. African communities are aware of the existence of evil in the society and the existence of evil in the society and they try to avoid it. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. Concepts of God in the traditional African society and in Christianity . "Nyanko" in Akan means "friend" and "pon" means "mighty or great." Therefore, there is no single African traditional religion that can be seen as a generalized representation of the religious and cultural beliefs of the people of Africa. Very large. Africans but in traditional Africa there is no atheist. 0000001151 00000 n O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. 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